The DGCI has approved two vaccines to prevent Covid-19 in India:

  1. COVAXIN: India’s first COVID-19 vaccine, developed in cooperation with the Indian Council of Medical Research.
  2. Covishield: Developed by the University of Oxford in partnership with AstraZeneca and manufactured for Indian citizens by Serum Institute of India.

Both vaccines are now being mainly provided to hospitals and frontline staff, individuals above the age of 50, and high-risk patients. Obtaining a Covid-19 vaccine is already at the top of everyone’s priority list.

It is natural for most of us to have concerns about the procedure, including what to expect before, during, and after the Covid-19 vaccination. Here’s what you need to do:

The covid vaccine registration process

  1. Use the Co-Win app, the AarogyaSetu app, or visit the website https://www.cowin.gov.in.
  2. Only enter your phone number.
  3. Fill in the OTP to create an account.
  4. Fill in your name, age, gender, and upload a photo ID document (Aadhar Card, Voter card, Driver’s License, PAN Card, Passport, or a Pension Document with a photograph).
  5. Select a date and a vaccination place.

You will get an acknowledgment on the registered mobile number.

For senior citizens, there are other choices.

Option 1: They can enrol at a COVID vaccine centre. 

Option 2: They can contact 1507 to get the same information.

Need for the Covid-19 vaccine

Although getting the Covid-19 vaccine is completely optional, it is highly recommended because it helps to stop the spread of infection. Vaccination is critical for your health as well as the health of your loved ones, including families, acquaintances, colleagues, co-workers, and everyone else with whom you come into physical contact.

Furthermore, a Covid-19 recovering person should not be afraid to get the vaccine because it is highly prescribed for anyone, regardless of previous illnesses, rehabilitation, or virus background.

After-effects of covid-19 vaccination

Unless they have a contraindication against some kind of vaccination, all vaccinations are considered healthy for people with a history of or who are undergoing medical procedures. Have an appointment with a specialist, and make sure to tell them of any medical problems you might have. Before receiving the vaccine, notify the doctor of any reactions you have of any drugs or medical treatments you’ve had or are having.

After covid-19 vaccination, you may face some of the following issues:

Mild side effects may not necessitate hospitalization. However, if you have serious side effects, such as severe allergic responses, an unusual infection, seizures, or any other unforeseen side effects, you may need to be admitted. If you notice any of these symptoms, you should contact your doctor right away so that they can take action.

Covid-19 vaccines are safe, and significant side effects are rare, so getting vaccinated and protecting yourself against the coronavirus is a good idea. Although, Covid-19 vaccination service is available to citizens but wearing a mask in public, maintaining social distance, following hand hygiene recommendations, respiratory hygiene, and other ways of preventing the spread of Covid-19 infection are still relevant.

Gynaecological cancers are one of the most common cancer-related deaths in women around the world. Thousands of women are diagnosed with gynaecological cancers each year, so it’s important to understand the different types of gynaecological cancers.

Gynecological cancer treatment is most successful when it is discovered early. It is important to recognize the warning signs that drugs are more successful when cancer is discovered at an early stage.

How are gynaecological cancers caused?

Gynaecological cancers are caused by the unchecked development and spread of irregular cells in the female reproductive organs like the ovaries, cervix, uterus, vagina, fallopian tubes, and vulva. These cancers can be caused due to different reasons. Oncogenes and cancer suppressor genes are two types of genes that stimulate cancer development, according to medical studies. HPV or Human Papillomavirus is responsible for causing such cancer. 

What are the reasons that put you at risk?

What are the signs and symptoms?

The majority of women may not show any symptoms, although these may include:

Methods for the treatment of gynaecological cancers

Tissue biopsy or tumour markers like CA 125 are expected to validate the diagnosis. To rule out the spread of cancer to other distant organs of the body, ultrasonography of the abdomen and pelvis with Doppler, X-rays, and a whole-body PET scan may be needed. Chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and surgical treatments are used to treat gynaecological cancers.

The type and level of cancer affect the treatment choices. While the cancer is already in its early stages, the uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes, underlying lymph nodes, omental, and other peritoneal deposits can all be extracted.

How will gynaecological tumours be prevented?

Gynecologic cancer prevention can be done by living a safe lifestyle. The following steps will assist in the treatment of gynaecological cancers:

Being diagnosed with cancer, as well as the recovery that follows, maybe a very trying time. Getting the help of families, colleagues, healthcare providers, and those who have been through anything similar will be immensely helpful during this period. You will get moral support by learning about the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of gynaecological cancers. Every woman should be aware of gynaecological cancer’s signs and symptoms.

It could be that your primary doctor has recommended you to visit an ENT specialist for advanced treatment. You should consult only the best ENT specialist in the region to get proper advice and remedy for your health issues. 

What aspects to consider choosing the top ent specialist?

Choosing the best ent doctor is sure to help you or your family member to get relief quickly and without much worry.

It is common for women from a particular age to develop menstrual cycle. It helps her to detoxify her body naturally and periodically. But every woman experiences it differently. Period cramps can become unbearable in some women, such that getting out from bed can be quite an ordeal experience. For the others, the cramps may not be severe allowing them to even participate in a marathon. Medical experts require you to keep proper track of your menstrual periods. If you are faced with any complications or pain, you should immediately visit the best gynaecologist for remedy. 

About dysmenorrhea or menstrual cramps

During menstrual periods or cycle, women are likely to experience some discomfort or pain, referred to as menstrual cramp or dysmenorrhea. It may interfere with your social activities, school and work. If you are faced with such issues, you should seek a gynecologist for menstrual cramps without any hesitation. The cramping or throbbing pain during menstrual periods might vary from severe to mild. It may even spread to your thighs, back and lower belly, resulting in diarrhoea, constipation, fainting, dizziness, nausea, headaches, including disruptive mood swings. 

Causes for cramps during menstrual periods

Prostaglandin, a type of hormone may cause the uterus region to contract during menstruation, thus shedding the lining noticed as cramps. With the start of the menstrual cycle or during the cycle, uterus lining produces prostaglandin, a hormone. 

It is possible to manage period pain without requiring any external intervention. However, if painful and severe menstrual cramps are experienced, then medical treatment will be essential to derive relief from extreme pain. 

Is it normal to experience menstrual cramps?

The fact is that every woman tends to experience menstrual cramps quite differently. During periods, every woman does experience this situation. Severity during period cramps may significantly get reduced with aging. If experiencing unusual bleeding or unmanageable pain at any point of time, it is necessary to visit the gynaecologist. Pelvic inflammatory disease, fibroids, ovarian cysts, adhesions, using IUD birth control devices or endometriosis may worsen menstrual cramps. The gynaecologist will carry out a thorough examination and suggest proper treatments. 

What other causes are cited for dysmenorrhea or menstrual cramps?

Menstrual cramps are caused due to the following issues:

When to visit the gynecologist for period cramps?

During reproductive years, it is quite normal to experience menstrual cramps. But if you notice heavy bleeding, irregular cycles, spotting between periods, pain besides the periods or not able to get pregnant, then you should immediately visit the gynaecologist.

One of the most-awaited seasons of the whole year in India is the monsoon and winter seasons. After a hot summer, people just wanted to enjoy the cool weather during the rains and cold winter nights. As much as adults enjoy these seasons, the seasonal changes are not very good for small babies, toddlers, and young children.

Though cold weather sets a good mood, it also brings in a lot of mosquitoes and infections. So, protecting the babies and young children from infections becomes the mothers’ priority during the cold season. It is always better to take precautions and safeguard your kids. You can meet with the paediatrician or a specialist in Paediatric surgery in Hyderabad for the safer side, consult with them, and take the necessary precautions as they might have complete knowledge about it. 

Some of the tips to follow to protect your children from changing weather are:

Keep them hydrated

Young children, toddlers, and babies tend to drink much less water than they are supposed to drink. So, make sure they drink enough water and keep themselves hydrated. Also, make sure to give purified warm water to children. For young babies, feeding the babies with breast milk is enough to keep them hydrated. 

Take Vitamin C and Fibres in your diet

Vitamin C is an excellent immunity booster, so make sure to give the young children Vitamin c in the form of citrus juices. Also, make sure to add a lot of fibres to the diet, which helps in clearing the digestive system and help in the proper functioning of GALT, which fights against pathogens. 

nicu
Paediatric surgery

Physical activities

Ensure that the child has enough physical activities. It’s natural for a mother to keep the child indoors during the seasonal changes. But making sure the child is active at least 30 minutes a day and goes outdoors is important as it helps the kid accommodate the change and boosts the immunity. 

Don’t skip immunization

Vaccines are very important for babies and children as they protect them from viruses and pathogens by boosting immunity. So, make sure you follow the immunization schedule and get all the vaccines on time. 

Dress for the weather

Dress your babies and children based on the weather. During the cold and rainy season, have layers of clothing or something woollen to keep them warm. 

Follow good hygiene 

It is important to make sure that both you and your child follow good hygiene practices. Teach them to wash their hands when they go out and come home and before eating. Teach them to clean the space around them and to keep them neat all the time. If you have babies at home, clean and mope the house every day. 

Despite all these measures, if you think that your child’s immunity is still weak, take them to a paediatrician or a neonatal specialist to consult with them. There are many hospitals in neonatal care and neonatal surgery in Hyderabad that provide the best treatment to babies and children. 

It has almost been a year that the world has been hit by Covid, and that has made our entire activities totally doubtful. There are still some parts of the country that are undergoing a complete lockdown and have hampered many of our activities. One is still restricted to completely move out freely. Masks have become a permanent possession for us, and one is required to always carry them. One is imposed with a huge fine if they are found without the same. People are supposed to maintain a proper social distance from each other. 

Everyone is required to maintain a proper distance from each other at any public place and wear masks and disposable gloves at all times. One should sanitize their hands directly after touching public equipment or a thing because that has attracted the touch of a lot of people. This is called the new normal, and we all are still struggling in dealing with the same.

The main concern of this problem was that it had different effects on different people. Some people were majorly affected by it to such an extent that it led to their death; others were mildly affected by it. The invention of medicine for the same has been quite an extensive challenge for all the scientists and doctors all over the world. Everybody was involved in a great amount of rigorous research, but a lot of times, their efforts were failing. They incorporated a test on humans or animals, but they did not achieve much success initially. This was the hardest time for them. The symptoms of this disease were just mild cold or fever, which is very ordinary on a daily basis, but this virus that is called the coronavirus, seems to house the body of individuals and has a very long-lasting effect on them.

There were many efforts that are still being made by the top institutions in the country for immunizations. The vaccine has been developed in the country by two major pharmaceutical companies that are in function and in availability. This was one of the great milestones that were achieved by the country at the beginning of the year, and this gave a ray of hope to the audience of the country. But the invention of the vaccine does not mean that the world has gotten rid of this deadly disease. People are still supposed to follow all the methods of sanitary and maintain a distance from each other. There is a prioritization that is required for the purpose of vaccination of people. It is considered very important to vaccinate these individuals because they did not leave a stone unturned to put their lives at risk and serve the country even when the disease just started. They can be enlisted as follows: –

So, these vaccinations during covid are very significant because these individuals deserve every bit of it.

The health of the person is extremely important, and it comes above everything. The hospital’s hygiene conditions are very important because if it will not be good enough in accordance with the standards of cleanliness, hygiene, sanitization. If the cleanliness of the hospital is not good enough, it will lead to the spread of more diseases, and people will catch that easily. Now that there is a spread of coronavirus, it is another obstacle to be dealt with above all the other viruses. There are many chances that one has heard where the baby, even before that is born, suffers from this disease, and at that point, the immunity of the child is not even build up properly. Had his immunity been good enough, they are able to survive this as coronavirus that is also known as COVID, is the matter of strong immunity of the human body.

LDR birthing suites in Hyderabad are housed in many places and hospitals. The full form of LDR is Labour, Delivery, and Recovery Room. This room can be put to versatile uses and is used for the purpose of incorporating the delivery of an unborn child. This place’s hygiene levels are high enough because the unborn child is very sensitive to the foreign environment. They provide full services to the unborn child’s mother and full assistance at all hours of the day. There are many fewer persons other than that of the doctor that are allowed in the LDR room, the reason being that this can lead to a certain level of danger to the unborn child. The mother and her partner are allowed in the labour delivery room. There can also be one more person in addition to them.

But it is also considered for the fact that the lesser the number of people at the time of the surgery, the better it is for the family. It is better for the mother and the baby to give birth to the unborn child in the birthing centres rather than the hospitals because birthing centres specialize in that department. While on the other hand, hospitals are very multipurpose and there are all sorts of treatments and patients from different classes making a visit there. There should be proper arrangements that should be made in the labour delivery and recovery rooms by the birthing centre owners so that there is no slightest inconvenience faced by the mother and the child or even the family. There are certain things that an LDR Room must possess, which are as follows: –

One can book a spot in the best labour delivery room service whenever in need and shall check all the specifications in advance.

One of the most-awaited seasons of the whole year in India is the monsoon and winter seasons. After a hot summer, people just wanted to enjoy the cool weather during the rains and cold winter nights. As much as adults enjoy these seasons, the seasonal changes are not very good for small babies, toddlers, and young children.

Though cold weather sets a good mood, it also brings in a lot of mosquitoes and infections. So, protecting the babies and young children from infections becomes the mothers’ priority during the cold season. It is always better to take precautions and safeguard your kids. You can meet with the paediatrician or a specialist in Paediatric surgery in Hyderabad for the safer side, consult with them, and take the necessary precautions as they might have complete knowledge about it. 

Some of the tips to follow to protect your children from changing weather are:

Keep them hydrated

Young children, toddlers, and babies tend to drink much less water than they are supposed to drink. So, make sure they drink enough water and keep themselves hydrated. Also, make sure to give purified warm water to children. For young babies, feeding the babies with breast milk is enough to keep them hydrated. 

Take Vitamin C and Fibres in your diet

Vitamin C is an excellent immunity booster, so make sure to give the young children Vitamin c in the form of citrus juices. Also, make sure to add a lot of fibres to the diet, which helps in clearing the digestive system and help in the proper functioning of GALT, which fights against pathogens. 

Physical activities

Ensure that the child has enough physical activities. It’s natural for a mother to keep the child indoors during the seasonal changes. But making sure the child is active at least 30 minutes a day and goes outdoors is important as it helps the kid accommodate the change and boosts the immunity. 

Don’t skip immunization

Vaccines are very important for babies and children as they protect them from viruses and pathogens by boosting immunity. So, make sure you follow the immunization schedule and get all the vaccines on time. 

Dress for the weather

Dress your babies and children based on the weather. During the cold and rainy season, have layers of clothing or something woollen to keep them warm. 

Follow good hygiene 

It is important to make sure that both you and your child follow good hygiene practices. Teach them to wash their hands when they go out and come home and before eating. Teach them to clean the space around them and to keep them neat all the time. If you have babies at home, clean and mope the house every day. 

Despite all these measures, if you think that your child’s immunity is still weak, take them to a paediatrician or a neonatal specialist to consult with them. There are many hospitals in neonatal care and neonatal surgery in Hyderabad that provide the best treatment to babies and children. 

newborn specialist

From the day you hear that you are pregnant, you make choices that last for the life of your child, such as the name you choose for your child. To give your baby the healthiest possible start, you may want to find a paediatrician to care for your infant from their first hospital visit through the teen years. 

Doctors are being put to the test more and more. Experts also established recommendations for practice outlining how physicians can treat simple preventive treatment to complicated surgical conditions. Each medical specialty has regulatory bodies that set educational standards and assess their physicians’ initial and continuing qualifications and knowledge base. Several specialties are broken down into subspecialties that also have associations that can provide patients with physician knowledge. For example, foot & ankle surgeons, hand surgeons, sports medicine surgeons, and spine surgeons can be studied.

Here are ways to finding the right doctor for your child,

Getting a Referral

Your paediatrician or primary care doctor is an excellent source of knowledge and can recommend a specialist for you. Reach out to the specialist and ask for a specialist’s recommendation in your area. Be sure to consider the doctor’s bedside manner, the office experience, staff availability, ease of scheduling an appointment, and the result of any operations if it is a general surgeonOften take a look at the hospital where patients are treated by your prospective doctor or admitted.

General surgery

Five essential questions to ask-

  • Speaking to your doctor, are you comfortable? Is your baby comfortable? Do you feel comfortable opening up to your doctor and answering all of your questions? You should be able to express your questions efficiently.
  • Does your doctor answer all of the queries? Does she/he provide you with data in a way you understand? Do you feel hurried on a visit to the office? Do you feel at ease answering all the questions that you have? Do they answer in a timely way if you call your doctor’s office?
  • Does your physician conduct the treatment routinely when surgery is involved?Studies show that practice leads to higher rates of success and fewer problems. Note that the caseload can be more important than a surgeon’s age when choosing a general child surgeon.Do you have your doctor situated in an easily accessible location? To find an excellent professional, you shouldn’t have to travel a long way. This makes the experience more convenient and will help your recovery. If you have any complications after surgery, your doctor will be there to guide your recovery and support you.

  • Ask questions explicitly. You need not be concerned about your doctor being offended. It is all right to ask:

             Do you feel at ease doing this procedure?

             What problems did you experience?

             Are you accredited by the board?

 

Second Opinions

If your doctor is not willing to give you a particular opinion, it should be avoided. When confident in her/his treatment plan, the doctor does not think about consulting another doctor to confirm a recommendation.